Jennifer Pomeranz on Food Policy and Industry Tactics Driving Preemption
Duke Sanford World Food Policy Center, 4/25/2019
In the past several years, cities in California led the way in passing taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages. Berkeley was first with Oakland, San Francisco and Albany, California following, each with the aim of improving public health by decreasing consumption of beverages known to be associated with obesity, diabetes, and other medical issues, and to raise revenue for needed programs. But then something historic happened: preemption. A leading expert on the application of the law on public health and on the issue of preemption is Jennifer Pomeranz.
Property rights and rural justice: A study of U.S. right-to-farm laws
Ashwood L, Diamond D, Walker F. Journal of Rural Studies. 67:12-129. April 2019.
Right-to-farm laws initially were touted as an attempt to preserve farmland and the farming way of life in the face of urban sprawl during the 1980’s… Closer studies of such laws suggest that they have little to do with preserving a farming-centered way of life, and have more to do with preempting local land use controls and limiting environmental rights and protection of natural resources, often to the detriment of rural people (Hamilton, 1998). [Emphasis added]
Firearms & Ammunition
Working Together to Save the Second Amendment Part II: State Success Stories
One of the unfortunate side effects of our efforts to pass [Right to Carry] was that some local governments, often in the big cities where violent crime is most prevalent, decided they wanted to impose restrictions, or outright prohibitions, on carrying firearms for personal protection. Some local governments have even gone so far as to impose bans on certain firearms that they simply do not like. These attempts to negate RTC and impose draconian, local restrictions led to NRA working to pass firearm preemption laws…
There are now 45 states that have some form of firearm preemption law to restrict local gun control. These laws vary greatly, and our current effort in ILA is to ensure that these laws provide specific penalties for local governments who violate preemption laws. [Emphasis added]
In Washington, Juul Vows to Curb Youth Vaping. Its Lobbying in States Runs Counter to That Pledge.
The New York Times, 4/28/2019
The company’s 80-plus lobbyists in 50 states are fighting proposals to ban flavored e-cigarette pods, which are big draws for teenagers; pushing legislation that includes provisions denying local governments the right to adopt strict vaping controls; and working to make sure that bills to discourage youth vaping do not have stringent enforcement measures. [Emphasis added]
Altria and Juul continue their blitz to undermine Tobacco 21
Stan Glantz, UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, 4/23/2019
As I reported in a previous blog post, Altria (Philip Morris) and its sidekick Juul are blitzing the country trying to preempt effective Tobacco 21 legislation. There have been two changes since my earlier posting: (1) The big health groups (Heart, Lung, Cancer et al) have unified behind strong legislation that includes meaningful enforcement and is specific in not preempting (taking away) the rights of localities to pass and enforce their own strong bills (but are still supporting bad bills in Washington and Texas), and (2) Mitch McConnell, US Senate Majority Leader and staunch industry has announced that he will be introducing a national Tobacco 21 bill. [Emphasis added]
Big Ag Is Pushing Laws To Restrict Neighbors’ Ability To Sue Farms
In the past several months, legislators in Utah, Nebraska, Georgia, North Carolina, West Virginia, and Oklahoma have proposed, and in some cases passed, legislation that they say will protect farmers against similar lawsuits. The legislation varies, but several proposals reduce the potential damages that plaintiffs could win in such a suit or limit the distance from the farm a neighbor must live in order to bring a suit. Some do both.
Betsy DeVos and other Republicans love local government — except when it gets in their way
The Washington Post, 4/24/2019
On March 13, 2017, not long after Betsy DeVos was confirmed as President Trump’s education secretary (in the most divisive Senate vote for a Cabinet nominee in U.S. history), she issued a statement that said: “I trust local school leaders to do what’s right for the children they serve.”…
But DeVos just made clear she supports states that want to overrule local decisions made about charter schools. To be precise: If a local government declines a charter application, DeVos supports the state overruling that local decision.
Louisiana AG Jeff Landry inserts self into Alabama civil rights suit over minimum wage
The Advocate, 4/26/2019
The state of Alabama this week received support from a somewhat unlikely source in defending itself against a civil rights lawsuit over a minimum wage preemption law: Louisiana Attorney General Jeff Landry.
Bills banning local plastic bag regulations use ALEC model
Montgomery Advertiser, 4/8/2019
Two bills filed last week in the Alabama Legislature would ban local municipalities from banning or taxing plastic bags.
The legislation has drawn criticism from environmental groups that note the bills copy model legislation pushed by the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), a conservative group that has pushed model legislation in other states. Both bills should be in committee this week.
Lawmaker warns against bill pushed by vaping industry
Arizona Capitol Times, 4/29/2019
Sen. Heather Carter, school leaders and members of the health community warned lawmakers against agreeing to legislation pushed by Juul Labs and other vaping companies that would preempt local governments from regulating the sale and marketing of tobacco and vaping products.
“What big tobacco wants is the preemption of any local municipality from restricting sales and marketing. That’s their big goal above everything else,” said Carter, R-Cave Creek. [Emphasis added]
Vaping industry, health groups spar over dueling bills
AZ Mirror, 4/29/2019
For the vaping industry, the legislation is a trade-off. In exchange for raising the purchasing age to 21, the industry would get a statewide preemption law barring cities, counties and other political subdivisions from imposing their own regulations on vaping and tobacco.
County Joins Suit To Preserve Local Control Over Cannabis
From Santa Cruz County: Santa Cruz County has joined a geographically diverse coalition of local governments in a lawsuit against the California Bureau of Cannabis Control (“BCC”), seeking to invalidate new state regulations undermining the will of voters and the law by purporting to allow delivery of commercial cannabis statewide regardless of any local law or regulation.
25 cities sue California cannabis regulator to protect local authority over cannabis delivery
Stanton Glantz, UCSF, 4/24/2019
The law firm Churchwell White LLP filed suit April 4, 2019 on behalf of 25 California jurisdictions challenging the California Bureau of Cannabis Control’s regulation provision, adopted in December 2018, forcing local jurisdictions to allow delivery of cannabis in their communities. The Public Health Institute and other organizations protested this change as violating the letter and spirit of Proposition 64, which legalized adult-use cannabis and the implementing legislation (MAUCRSA), both of which assured local control. They are seeking additional jurisdictions to join the suit.
Fairfax, Calif., Council Says More Time Needed to Craft 5G Rules
Government Technology, 4/26/2019
Amid concerns that federal mandates usurp local authority, the fight for control over the hardware that transmits wireless Internet has reached an impasse in Fairfax.
After the fourth public hearing before the Town Council this week — this one lasting more than three hours — council members said they need more time before adopting new regulations for the installation of wireless antennas used for the high-speed network called 5G.
California Allows Marijuana Delivery Pretty Much Anywhere. But Some Cities Are Pushing Back — And Suing.
Capitol Public Radio, 4/12/2019
“Our community did not want a Wild West situation where anybody can delivery anything,” said Sonora City Councilman Mark Plummer. “We want access to medical cannabis, but we want it to be safe, to be from vendors we have confidence in and to be fairly taxed.”…The lawsuit claims the state’s rule allowing outside cannabis delivery undermines Proposition 64, the 2016 ballot measure that legalized recreational cannabis. Prop. 64 guaranteed cities and counties local control over certain cannabis activities, and the lawsuit argues that includes delivery. [Emphasis added]
Jeff Robbins, state’s top oil and gas regulator, talks local control and setbacks
The Colorado Independent, 4/29/2019
Jeff Robbins now leads the state commission he once took to court.
The attorney from Durango spent two decades helping local governments regulate the booming oil and gas industry. Several such battles pitted him against the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, a state agency that has long promoted drilling.
His appointment to the commission marks a profound philosophical shift in how Colorado oversees the $31 billion industry.
Symposium Focuses On Brave New Regulatory World For Oil And Gas
At the Energy and Environment Symposium last week in Rifle, local government officials from around Colorado rubbed elbows with oil and gas industry representatives.
The annual event was especially charged, given that Gov. Jared Polis had just signed Senate Bill 181 into law, granting local governments new authority to regulate oil and natural gas.
Mountain Town News: Steamboat plans plastic bag ban, but legality a bit murky
Summit Daily, 4/20/2019
It seems late to ask that question. Twelve Colorado towns and cities, all but one of them located within the mountains, have banned or implemented a fee on single-use plastic bags. But the Colorado Sun points to one very basic problem: It may be against a state law adopted in 1993.
Bill banning local sunscreen, plastic straw bans among preemption measures likely to pass
FL Watchdog, 4/30/2019
The House Monday approved a bill that includes seven state preemption’s of local government authority – including prohibiting bans on sunscreen and single-use plastic straws – in a mostly-partisan 71-40 vote…
House Bill 1299, sponsored by Rep. Spencer Roach, R-North Fort Myer, would also restrict municipalities’ ability to:
- Annex or purchase properties in another municipality;
- Levy taxes on nicotine products, establish a minimum age for the purchase of nicotine products, establish marketing requirements for nicotine products;
- Regulate alternate generated power sources for motor fuel dispensing facilities;
- Establish temperature requirements at assisted living facilities when such facilities;
- And approve a school district impact fee if the fee results in an increase of 5 percent or more over a two-year period.
Anti-smoking campaigns, local regulations threatened by language buried in Tobacco 21 bills
Tallahassee Democrat, 4/26/2019
Legislation to raise the smoking age to 21 has hit a major snag that could spell its doom this session.
Public health and anti-tobacco advocates say the House version goes to the heart of the state’s multi-million dollar anti-tobacco campaign by killing local government regulation of sales and marketing for tobacco and e-cigarette products. And they see it as part of a coordinated effort on a national level by Big Tobacco to weaken those regulations in other states.
The village of Bal Harbour recently passed an ordinance that prohibits places like restaurants and hotels from using, selling or distributing plastics, such as straws and shopping bags.
The move comes as the state Legislature is considering preemption bills that would prevent local governments from establishing these kinds of bans.
Amends the State Finance Act to create the Checkout Bag Tax Fund. Provides that moneys in the Fund shall be remitted to counties and municipal joint action agencies. Amends the Counties Code and the Illinois Municipal Code to preempt certain actions by counties and municipalities concerning auxiliary containers or checkout bags. [Emphasis added]
Op-Ed | Right to harm plays well in Peoria
Right to Harm describes corporate “Right-to-Farm” laws that shield CAFOs under the guise of “standard agricultural practices.” These laws elevate the property rights of absentee agribusiness owners and constrain the rights of communities to defend their own properties. In so many cases these laws allow CAFOs to build and pollute above and beyond the legal limits already set for “non-farming” industries.
Legislature focused too little on improving Iowa, too much on petty, vindictive measures
Des Moines Register, 4/29/2019
Trampling on local control
Remember how the GOP used to advocate for “local control”? Well, those days are gone. Lawmakers approved a bill requiring local governments to jump through more hoops to raise property taxes. It requires public hearings and a two-thirds majority vote of the local board or council to approve a property tax levy that generates a revenue increase of 2% or more.
Apparently city leaders across Iowa are supposed to be grateful the final version of the legislation was scaled back. Instead, they might want to tell state lawmakers to take care of their own budget and let local officials take care of theirs.
A bill that would require cities and counties to approve by a two-thirds vote any property tax increase over 2 percent was passed by the Legislature in an overnight session and now awaits the signature of Gov. Kim Reynolds…
Labeled as a “transparency bill” by its sponsors, Republican Sen. Randy Feenstra, of Sioux City, and Rep. Lee Hein, of Monticello, the property tax levy that local governments set, which is based in part on property assessments, would need to be finalized at a public hearing established under new rules.
Matson: Legislation pits city services against retirement programs
Des Moines Register, 4/26/2019
The Iowa House passed SF 634, a controversial property tax bill, in the dead of night. It’s important for my constituents to know why I voted no. While the majority party claims it’s about transparency, I believe this bill will hurt communities across Iowa, could put IPERS and 411 retirement security in danger, will do nothing to reduce property taxes, and is a total affront to local control.
Lawmakers should control property tax hikes while allowing local decisions
Chris Ingstad, Des Moines Register, 4/12/2019
Legislation should keep the state removed from local government decisions. Budget and tax decisions are best decided at the local level – city councils and county boards and their voters…
Chris Ingstad is president of Iowans for Tax Relief, a taxpayer protection organization based in West Des Moines.
Group wants local control of minimum wage
SHREVEPORT, La (KTAL/KMSS) A Shreveport group is demanding local control, when it comes to setting the minimum wage.
If approved this legislative session, House Bill 422 would allow Louisiana cities to set their own individual minimum wage rates and would end state overreach.
State Senate votes to stiffen penalties for those who aim to damage pipelines
Duluth News Tribune, 4/29/2019
Local minimum wage and paid leave ordinances up for cancellation
The proposal would also preempt local ordinances that aim to raise the minimum wage and require employers to let employees bank sick leave.
Supporters said the state should cancel local ordinances passed in Minneapolis and St. Paul to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour. The proposal would also block ordinances in those two cities as well as in Duluth that let workers accumulate paid sick leave.
Between the time a bill dealing with local labor laws was heard in a Minnesota Senate committee and when the proposal appeared in a large omnibus bill, a small change was made that could make a huge difference in its impact.
By changing a single date, from “2019” in the original bill to “2017” in the omnibus bill, the GOP-led Senate would cancel ordinances passed in Minneapolis and St. Paul to gradually increase the minimum wage to $15 an hour. The same language would preempt ordinances passed in those cities, as well as Duluth, that requires employers to let workers accumulate paid sick leave.
Anti-CAFO Lobby Day argues for more ‘local control’
News Tribune, 4/30/2019
Missouri lawmakers should reject three bills that opponents said take away local control over confined animal feeding operations in the state.
That was the message Monday from several dozen Missourians who came to the Capitol from at least 16 counties to lobby against the measures.
Sen. Mike Bernskoetter confident CAFO bill will pass
News Tribune, 4/21/2019
State Sen. Mike Bernskoetter said Friday he remains confident his bill limiting local regulations on concentrated animal feeding operations, or CAFOs, will be passed this session…
However, the Missouri Rural Crisis Center, which said it lobbies for family farmers, opposes Bernskoetter’s bill.
“(It) will strip local control from rural counties, taking away our right to protect our farms, families, water and air, communities and property rights from the negative impacts of corporate-controlled industrial livestock operations,” the Crisis Center posted on its website, morural.org/articles/senate-bill-391-eliminates-local-control-putting-our-farms-families-water-air-and-property-rights-at-risk.
Why would Missouri lawmakers take local control of school calendar away from districts?
The Kansas City Star, 4/29/2019
Legislation that would wrest control of the school calendar away from local Missouri districts is a short-sighted play for tourism dollars that could have long-term consequences.
A Missouri Senate committee has advanced a bill that would mandate when districts can start the school year, an ill-conceived effort to give tourism-related businesses more time in August to reap the financial benefits of summer vacations. House Bill 161 would prohibit local school districts from beginning the school year more than 14 calendar days before the first Monday in September.
Letter to the Editor: Put a stop to pro-CAFO bill
Columbia Daily Tribune, 4/15/2019
Some Missouri Senators at the behest of corporate lobbyists are pushing Senate Bill 391, a pro-factory farm bill that would take local control away from rural counties putting our water, air, and communities at risk.
Montana Victory on the Second Front of the War to Restore the Second Amendment
Montana recently passed a strong preemption statute for knife law. The law passed the House 99 yes, with 1 abstention, on January 29, 2019. It passed the Senate, 49 yes, with 1 abstention, on 19 March, 2019. On 27 March it was transmitted to Governor Bullock. On 3 April, 2019, it was signed by Governor Bullock. The knife preemption law provides core support for Constitutional Carry for knives in Montana.
Compromise on Neb. Right to Farm Law
Nebraska State Senators have reached a compromise on improvements to the Right to Farm Law. The agreement allows protections for large agricultural operations from nuisance lawsuits but puts in a statute of limitations on when those can be filed…
Despite charges by opponents the legislation takes away from local control, Mick says that’s never been the intent of the measure.
Assembly Bill 291, introduced by Assemblywoman Sandra Jauregui (D-41), is omnibus anti-gun legislation that is a threat to both law-abiding gun owners residing in Nevada and those who are visiting. Most notably, AB 291:
Allows Local Gun Control Laws: Nevada’s firearm preemption laws have been on the books since 1989 and have been improved over the years to ensure consistency in firearm laws throughout the state, by occupying the field of firearm related regulations with the State Legislature. With the amendments to AB 291, the legislature is ceding authority to the counties to pass stricter gun control laws without limitation. [Emphasis added]
New York City Council passes paper bag fee — again — following plastic ban
The backers of this particular bill have been pushing for a city bag policy since at least 2013, and appeared to have succeeded in 2016 when the measure passed in one of the council’s tightest votes of the session. Yet a chain reaction of preemption by the state legislature and delayed promises for action from the governor paused any local movement on the policy until this spring. FY20 budget legislation established a statewide ban on plastic bags and offered local governments the option to go further (within certain parameters) and establish their own policies on paper bags.
Use local control concerning feedlots
Bismarck Tribune, 4/26/2019
Just a comment on the setback legislation under consideration for animal feed operations. I do hope that before such a bill is fully legalized, a group of the House and Senate legislators take a drive to southeast Colorado, or western Nebraska or Kansas feedlots…
The odor can be overwhelming, so locals should be making the decision where to allow placement of any feedlots. Locals know the business better than do any of the rest of us. They know the prevailing winds, where people live, and where the runoff would cause the least damage.
Certainly, we need agriculture production; size also matters, let local control prevail. Locally, people will do right by their communities and the businesses in mind.
Oklahoma Preemptively Blocks Local Plastic Bag Regulations
With the stroke of a pen, Gov. Kevin Stitt has ensured that cities and counties in Oklahoma will not be allowed to regulate plastic bags and auxiliary containers.
Against the hopes and pleadings of Mayor-elect Breea Clark, Stitt signed Senate Bill 1001 Tuesday, effectively ending her push to fight the persistent pollutants at the local level.
“It’s a shame that Gov. Stitt would mark his 100 days in office by signing a bill that epitomizes government overreach and continues the trend of preemption that is crippling municipal government in Oklahoma,” Clark said. “I was hopeful he was serious about valuing local control, but his signature has proven me wrong.”
Councilman Stuart: Gov. Stitt Took Away Local Rights
Oklahoma governor Kevin Stitt recently signed legislation to prevent municipalities from instituting a fee on single-use plastic and paper bags. Bartlesville ward two city councilman Paul Stuart said that this is an infringement of municipal rights. Stuart says his biggest issue isn’t with the legislation itself, but the fact that the city doesn’t have the ability to choose.
What Happened to Local Control?
Derrel Fincher, Representative for Oklahoma House District 11
Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise, 4/19/2019
Local control! We have all heard that, frequently in the same sentence as overreach, but we seldom discuss what we mean by local control when discussing political subdivisions. Local control basically means that authority and control devolves to the lowest level of elected officials… Most people can agree that local control is good – the voters elect people to these positions because voters should know best what is needed in their area…
Conflict happens when state policy interacts with local policy, or potential policy. One of those conflicts arose recently in the Oklahoma House of Representatives with Senate Bill 1001. SB1001 would prohibit cities and towns from taxing, restricting, or prohibiting “auxiliary containers”, which is bill-speak for plastic shopping bags, disposable takeout containers, plastic and paper cups, etc…
I cast a vote against the bill because I believe it would pre-empt local control. Oklahomans in municipalities get to elect their officials, and they get to live with the results. Any tax or fee action a municipality takes will not affect Oklahoma at large, and locally elected officials are empowered by their constituents to decide local taxes and fees. And, of course, any resident who disagrees can vote their local official out of office.
A nonprofit group in Philadelphia is fighting in court to be allowed to open the first facility in the country for people to use illegal opioid’s under medical supervision. The group, called Safehouse, has the backing of local government, yet faces a legal challenge from federal prosecutors.
Providence City Council Approves Plastic Bag Ban
The General Assembly and Gov. Gina Raimondo back legislation for a statewide bag ban. The bills have the support of the environmental community but there are objections to an exemption for thicker plastic shopping bags. There is also fear that a state ban will preempt stronger local bag ban rules.
H. 3274. Preemption of local authority to regulate flavors or licensing of cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and other tobacco products.
POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS OF THIS STATE MAY NOT ENACT ANY LAWS, ORDINANCES, OR RULES PERTAINING TO INGREDIENTS, FLAVORS, OR LICENSING OF CIGARETTES, ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES, TOBACCO PRODUCTS, OR ALTERNATIVE NICOTINE PRODUCTS.
Text of H. 3274
S. 394. Preemption of authority to ban or limit the use of plastic bags and other disposable food containers.
TO PROVIDE THAT ANY REGULATION REGARDING THE USE, DISPOSITION, SALE, OR IMPOSITION OF ANY PROHIBITION, RESTRICTION, FEE IMPOSITION, OR TAXATION OF AUXILIARY CONTAINERS MUST BE DONE BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
Kingsport BOE to General Assembly: Give locals control of tobacco-use policy
KINGSPORT — Tennessee General Assembly members, Kingsport’s school board isn’t very happy with your tobacco law.
The board disagrees with the lack of local control on tobacco use on school campuses, as well as on pending voucher legislation getting traction among lawmakers that would allow public money to be used for private education.
Dallas to require employers to offer paid sick leave as Texas lawmakers debate banning such ordinances
The Texas Tribune, 4/24/2019
Amid a debate in the Texas Capitol over whether such rules should be banned statewide, the Dallas City Council passed a new ordinance Wednesday requiring employers in the city to offer paid sick leave to their employees.
Urban, suburban, rural Texas mayors condemn state Legislature’s overreach, support ‘patchwork quilt’ policy strategy
Overall, the Texas Municipal League, a nonpartisan group that advocates for Texas cities at the state Legislature, is fighting over 150 bills they said deteriorate municipalities’ ability to govern themselves, but on April 22, Executive Director Bennett Sandlin laid out what he said are the 10 worst offenders.
Mayors Issue Dire Warnings About Local Property Tax Cap
Bills in the Texas Legislature would reduce the annual rate of property tax revenue increase that cities could receive to just 2.5% instead of the current 8% before triggering a roll back election…
According to figures provided by Rawlings, the 7.5% property tax revenue increase that was included the current City of Dallas budget would be reduced by $32 million if the limit was 2.5% instead. That’s the equivalent of 358 police recruits or 477 civilian employees.
Texas Senate Approves Two Bills To Override Paid Sick Leave, Local Control Over Employment Practices
The Texas Tribune, 4/11/2019
After facing unexpected friction in Texas’ Republican-dominated Legislature, a pair of bills to override local rules mandating paid sick leave and standardize employment practices across the state passed the Senate on Thursday over the objections of LGBTQ advocates who have warned the bills could threaten local non-discrimination protections.
Why put Texas business at risk instead of making a simple fix?
In a state in which 66% of Texans agree that LGBTQ people should be protected from discrimination, it is troubling to think that lawmakers might unnecessarily trade away these nondiscrimination ordinances — popular with Texans from all walks of life — for other political goals. Putting these NDOs at risk sends the wrong signal for a 21st century Texas. If the intention of these bills is to leave NDOs out of the conversation entirely, there is a simple way to put the issue to rest: Put that NDO clause back into these bills and send them on their way.
Point Austin: Local Control Now in Chains
Austin Chronicle, 4/26/2019
The Texas Municipal League, a coalition of city governments, is getting increasingly anxious about the 86th Texas Legislature. In a broadside this week, the TML declared that Texas cities are “under siege” by an “unprecedented attack at the Capitol.” Allowing for political hyperbole, it’s hard to quarrel with TML’s general assessment – the Republican majority appears determined to limit local authority as much as possible, in favor of retaining regulatory power at the state level – or as often, eliminate it altogether. We’ve seen this before, especially on environmental and energy matters, but this year it seems the GOP is going out of its way to restrict the ability of cities to govern themselves.
ENTERPRISE EDITORIAL: Legislature should let cities regulate themselves
Beaumont Enterprise, 4/25/2019
The Texas House and Senate have enough state business to occupy their time, especially because the Legislature meets only every two years in regular session. Because of that reality, those lawmakers should stop spending time on bills that would regulate how cities in Texas conduct their own affairs.
Texas: House Will Vote on Two More NRA-Backed Bills Monday!
House Bill 3231 protects Texas gun owners and firearm retailers by modernizing the state’s existing firearms preemption statutes to ensure more uniform treatment of firearms and ammunition across the state. It brings preemption provisions affecting counties into line with more extensive preemption language that currently applies to municipalities. And it ensures enforcement of these protections by providing adequate legal remedies by private individuals adversely impacted when a municipality or county violates Texas’ preemption laws.
Legislature passes “lid lift” local tax rules for schools
OLYMPIA, Wash. (AP) — Washington lawmakers reached a deal to lift the state’s “levy lid” in a late vote Sunday, blunting a tightening of limits on voter-approved local taxes for schools that was set to take effect this year.
UW files first arguments in Supreme Court firearms case
Gillette News Record, 4/25/2019
LARAMIE — Attorneys representing the University of Wyoming filed the school’s first arguments Tuesday in a Wyoming Supreme Court case concerning UW’s ability to restrict the carrying of firearms on campus.
Lyle Williams, a Uinta County delegate to the Wyoming State Republican Party Convention last year, sued the university after UW police cited him for openly carrying his firearm during the political rally at the UW Conference Center.
Williams argued the school’s ban on guns violates Wyoming Statute 6-8-401, which prohibits gun regulations by any “city, town, county, political subdivision or any other entity.”